By Andre Larochelle, Marie-Claude Lariviere
This quantity presents a precis of the ordinary heritage of the floor beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae and over 2400 taxa) from North the USA north of Mexico. below every one taxon, the ecology, biology, dispersal energy, amassing ideas and chosen references are given. The part on ecology contains the next: altitudinal distribution, habitat, diel task and gregariousness. The part facing biology provides information on seasonality, mating, gravid ladies or oviposition, tenerals, over-wintering, feeding, predation, parasitism and defence-mechanism. The part on dispersal energy, or the potential of dispersal, has been assessed while attainable utilizing 3 major standards: wing , flight info (including light-trapping observations) and different locomotory behavior. The part on gathering ideas presents the easiest technique of trap. The part references record the main appropriate papers, with acceptable key phrases, and an exhaustive bibliography facing the average historical past of North American Carabidae can be supplied. This paintings follows the "Catalogue of Bousquet and Larochelle" (1993), "Catalogue of the Geadephaga (Coleoptera: Trachypachydae, Rhysodidae, Carabidae together with Cicindelini of the United States north of Mexico) which supplied nomenclatural and distributional info on North American flooring beetles
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Extra resources for A Natural History of the Ground-Beetles (Coleoptere: Carabidae) of American North of Mexico (Pensoft Series Faunistica, 27)
Macropterous, probably capable of flight. Moderate runner. Collecting technique. Treading the vegetation into the water. Reference. Lindroth, 1966 (natural history). Agonum (Europhilus) sordens Kirby, 1837 Ecology. Lowlands, mountains, and subalpine zone. Borders of eutrophic marshes; swamps, marshy borders of slow rivers and small brooks; flood-plain forests. Frequently at the border of little rills (in spring). Not restricted to the vicinity of open water. , Carex, grass). Mostly nocturnal; sheltering during the day under dead leaves and depressed grass.
Biology. Seasonality: May-August. Predators: staphylinids. Defense-mechanism: when alarmed, the adult may feign death. Dispersal power. Brachypterous, incapable of flight. Slow runner. Strong burrower. Collecting technique. Turning debris. References. Lindroth, 1961 (natural history); Whitehead, 1970 (dispersal power); Richards, 1983 (biology); Fedorenko, 1996 (taxonomy). Amara (Amara) aenea (DeGeer, 1774) Ecology. Lowlands and mountains. Lawns, parks, gardens, vacant lots, cultivated fields and their borders; meadows, roadsides, ski fields, sand pits, and orchards.
Frequent climber (on plants and trees). Clearly effective as a colonist. Strongly favored by human activities. Collecting techniques. Pitfall trapping; light trapping; using tanglefoot screens; sweeping or beating the vegetation; turning drift material; using window traps. References. Lindroth, 1945, 1955a, 1963a, and 1968 (natural history); Sharova, 1981 (ecology, biology); Erwin, 1981 (natural history); Lindroth, 1986 (natural history); Koch, 1989 (ecology). Amara (Amara) aeneopolita Casey, 1918 Ecology.