By E. A. Heaman
A concise, dependent survey of a posh point of Canadian historical past, a brief background of the kingdom in Canada examines the speculation and fact of governance inside Canada’s precise political background: a mixture of Indigenous, French, and British traditions, American statism and anti-statism, and various, sensible experiments and experiences.
E.A. Heaman takes the reader throughout the improvement of the country in either precept and perform, analyzing Indigenous different types of govt earlier than ecu touch; the interaction of French and British colonial associations prior to and after the Conquest of latest France; the construction of the nineteenth-century liberal nation; and, ultimately, the increase and reconstitution of the fashionable social welfare nation. relocating past the background of associations to incorporate the improvement of political cultures and social politics, a quick background of the country in Canada is a worthy advent to the subject for political scientists, historians, and a person drawn to Canada’s prior and current.
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Extra resources for A Short History of the State in Canada
The state expanded in complexity and size, but civil society expanded still more. The settler population of Canada stood at 18,000 in 1690, and at ten times that number a century later; it had doubled again by 1805. Increasingly, people sought freedom from rather than freedom through state violence. Civil society developed its own logic, one that state officials had increasingly to respect. This chapter recounts the transformation of a limited fiscal-military state – existing in institutional form primarily to wage war and to garner revenues for those wars, and one that viewed commerce as a strategic adjunct to those projects – into a different kind of state: a state more deeply invested in commerce as providing a new measure of political legitimacy and new scope for political aggrandizement, according to formulae that insisted the state restrict the fearful powers, the systematic violence, that had first justified its extraordinary growth.
But as the French were increasingly unable to paper over the growing gaps between their interests and those of their allies, French sovereignty proved the greater fiction. Indigenous resistance to European forms posed challenges for philosophers as well as officials. The discovery of Aboriginal statelessness shocked Europeans into reflection upon their own state. The spectre appalled many, especially at a time when European states seemed to be fragile, threatened by war, famine, and unrest. ” Only a powerful state could sustain civil liberties and social harmony.
Where strategic interests or public tranquillity were too scandalously sacrificed to personal profit, the central government could intervene. But that capacity for responsiveness should not be confused with genuine sympathy for public opinion in New France. ”9 Popular opinion in New France had legitimate avenues: from time to time officials convened public assemblies to take advice on such matters as the fur trade or defence. Individuals could also petition royal officials, as Montreal women did in 1714 to complain of the bad quality of available bread.