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An Analytic Dictionary of English Etymology: An Introduction by Anatoly Liberman PDF

By Anatoly Liberman

This paintings introduces popular linguistics student Anatoly Liberman’s finished dictionary and bibliography of the etymology of English phrases. The English etymological dictionaries released long ago declare to have solved the mysteries of notice origins even if these origins were extensively disputed. An Analytic Dictionary of English Etymology in contrast, discusses the entire current derivations of English phrases and proposes the easiest one.   within the inaugural quantity, Liberman addresses fifty-five phrases typically brushed off as being of unknown etymology. many of the entries are one of the most ordinarily used phrases in English, together with guy, boy, lady, chicken, mind, comprehend, key, ever, and but. Others are slang: mooch, nudge, pimp, filch, gawk, and skedaddle. Many, corresponding to beacon, oat, hemlock, ivy, and toad, have existed for hundreds of years, while a few have seemed extra lately, for instance, slang, kitty-corner, and Jeep. they're all united through their etymological obscurity.   This specific source ebook discusses the most difficulties within the method of etymological study and includes indexes of matters, names, and all the root phrases. every one access is a full-fledged article, laying off gentle for the 1st time at the resource of a few of the main largely disputed be aware origins within the English language.   “Anatoly Liberman is among the top students within the box of English etymology. certainly his paintings may be an critical instrument for the continued revision of the etymological portion of the entries within the Oxford English Dictionary.” —Bernhard Diensberg, OED advisor, French etymologies   Anatoly Liberman is professor of Germanic philology on the college of Minnesota. He has released many works, together with sixteen books, such a lot lately notice Origins . . . and the way we all know Them: Etymology for everybody.

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The present book, a showcase of the entire project, contains words of various origins. Brain, clover, and ivy are West Germanic. Beacon is also West Germanic, but OI bákn, even if it is a borrowing from Old English, requires special attention. Dwarf has cognates all over the Germanic speaking world. The entries on clover, ivy, beacon, and dwarf demonstrate the treatment of the less isolated words of English. Man has cognates in Indo-Iranian and Slavic. Words with broad Indo-European connections, such as kin terms and ancient numerals, have not been included.

For instance, F hache, known since the 13th century, Ital azza, and their Romance cognates were borrowed from Gmc (Franconian) *happia (OHG happa, heppa, happia, hebba; see Hippe ‘pruning knife; death’s scythe’ in KM and KS); Frings (1943:178) sets up *happja as the protoform. FEW (XVI:147) and all modern etymological dictionaries of the Romance languages take the change of -ppto other stops for granted; see also hatchet and the verbs hack, hash, and hatch in Lund (1935:114/3) and in dictionaries of English and Hacke in dictionaries of German.

This is especially true of the earliest samples, but even the latest ones are in many respects new. References to their initial versions are of historical interest only: all those contributions have been “canceled” by the present publication. The idea of the dictionary gained the support of several eminent scholars. Hans Aarsleff, Ernst A. P. Lehmann, Albert L. Lloyd, and Edgar C. Polomé read twentythree etymologies (this was years ago), and their approval of the format and the content of those early enteries was of inestimable importance.

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